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The Mandela Institute reflects on "the Challenges of Power in Africa: Feminization and Rejuvenation of political bodies", June 1, 2021.

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The Mandela Institute (IM / MI) and the Laboratory for Research and Diplomatic Actions (LaRAD), organized a Pan-African Videoconference on Tuesday, June 1, 2021 at 9am (GMT) on the theme: "Rethinking the challenges of power in Africa : Feminization and Rejuvenation of political bodies for better representativeness The Director General of the West Africa Institute (WAI), Prof. Djénéba Traoré, took part in the  Videoconference.




Africa: The Mandela Institute works on the new and complex paradigms of power issues in Africa The Webinar on the theme "Rethinking the stakes of power in Africa: Feminization and Rejuvenation of political bodies for better representativeness" was organized on June 1, 2021 by the Mandela Institute in partnership with the Doctoral School of Governance of Africa and the Middle East (UM5-Rabat) and the Research and Diplomatic Actions Laboratory (LaRAD). 

Confidentiel Afrique echoes the issues surrounding viable political ecosystems for the Africa of tomorrow.

The purpose of this Webinar was to suggest concrete and relevant avenues for achieving a better representativeness of the overwhelming majority of the population in order to bring about a change in mentalities and to strengthen democracy in the service of living together.

Under the moderation of Madame Fatima Haram Acyl, Vice-President of the CEMAC Commission, this Webinar brought together high-level panelists:

- Her Excellency Madame Hadja Djènè Condé Kaba, First Lady of Guinea.

- Her Excellency Madame Prisca Koho, Minister of Social Affairs and Women's Rights of 


- His Excellency Moussa Mara, Former Prime Minister of Mali.

- Prof. Djénéba Traoré, Director General of the West Africa Institute (WAI).

- Hon. Beecham Okwere David, Special Advisor for African Union Elections.

- Mrs. Samira Yassni Jirari, International Representative of the International Alliance of Women 

  to the African Union and the ACHPR.

- Mrs.Maliza Saïd Soilihi, Lawyer at the Marseille and Moroni Bar.

- Mr Mamadou Talla Mbaye, President of the Pan-African Kamunity Association.

- Mr Kag Sanoussi, President of the International Institute for Conflict Management.

The conclusion of the Webinar and summary of the main recommendations pending the availability of the various interventions were prepared and read by its moderator Her Excellency Madame Fatima Haram Acyl, Vice-President of the CEMAC Commission. She offered her sincere compliments to the organizers and warm congratulations to all the panelists as well as to the various speakers for the intensity and quality of their contributions to the Webinar.

Two issues were discussed during the presentations and discussions

1. The place of youth in politics - Everyone is unanimous in saying that youth is the future of Africa. The African continent is the youngest: 60% of Africans are indeed under 25 years old. According to United Nations (UN) projections, by 2050, 50% of young people under 25 in the world will be Africans. Betting on African youth is therefore betting on the future of Africa;

2. The place of women also in the political world. The illustrious panelists praised the laudable efforts of some countries such as Rwanda (where women occupy 61.25% of seats in Parliament and 51% of Ministerial posts), South Africa (46.35% in Parliament and 48% in the Government), Senegal (41.82% in Parliament) or Ethiopia (38.76% in Parliament).

Around these two issues, the panelists developed arguments that go beyond the simple proactive measures already taken in favor of a better representativeness of young people and women in the political bodies of African countries. The following main recommendations were then formulated:

i. The promotion of a leadership stripped of the rags of the past and now focused on representative layers of populations, in particular on young people who, in reality, are more predisposed to understand young people.

ii. The creation of conditions for the blossoming of the ambition of young people through appropriate education. Better than the older generation, young people have impressive potentials, including energy or knowledge of technology allowing them to work even beyond established hourly standards.

iii. The establishment of alternation in all power structures including political parties, civil society, etc. 

iv. The tidying up of texts in order to promote access for young people and women in all structures of society.

v. The change of mentality in general with the deconstruction of the collective imagination and prejudices about the emotions of women and the inexperience of young people.

vi. Revision of the missions of the Ministries for the Promotion of Women and Youth. Beyond these ministerial departments in charge of the promotion of youth and women, the issue must be dealt with in a transversal and coherent manner in all the other departments.

vii. The elimination of various pressures on women.

viii. The promulgation of gender parity like the Gabon-Equality Program 2021-2023.

ix. Learning by young people of African traditions.

x. The effective implementation of UN resolution 1325.

xi. The effective implementation of the 12 Beijing recommendations;

xii. The ownership of Morocco's new development program.

xiii. Taking into account the experience of 13 of the 55 African countries which have imperative legislation to preserve the fundamental interests of States and of society.

xiv. The inclusion of the gender dimension from nursery education through to University programs.

xv. The systematic obligation to include the gender dimension in projects financed by donors.

xvi. The creation of a pan-African observatory on gender equality, decentralized in the 5 African regions.

xvii. The creation by the States of structures dedicated to the training of young people;

xviii. The valuation of the work of housewives, rural women, etc.

Ultimately, the discussions revealed a general conviction: leadership, accountability and the principle of work-study on the continent must be rethought taking into account the fact that women and young people constitute more than 85% of the African population. It has become evident that Africa will not be able to develop by operating with less than 20% of its capacity. In other words, it will not be able to achieve its development and be the Africa that Africans expect without using all its human capital and therefore all its capacity, ie all of its men and women.

This Webinar is part of a Cycle of Conferences that began in May 2020:

 - "Rethinking the place of women and young people in Africa Post-Covid 19" of April 29, 2021 by Her Excellency Mrs. Jamila El Moussali, Minister of Solidarity, Social Development, Equality and the Family of the Kingdom of Morocco.

- "Rethinking the African Health and Drug Acquisition System" of March 30, 2021 by His Excellency Dr Mohamed Nedhirou HAMED, Minister of Health of the Islamic Republic of Mauritania.

- "Rethinking Africa Post-Covid-19" of March 3, 2021 by Her Excellency Madame Fatima HARAM ACYL, Vice-President of the CEMAC Commission.

- “Medical, ethical and security governance of Covid-19 in Africa” of June 6, 2020 by His Excellency Me Pépin Guillaume MANJOLO BUAKILA, Minister of State, Minister of Cooperation, Regional Integration and La Francophonie of the DRC.

- "Geopolitics, Economy and Governance of Covid-19 in Africa" ​​of May 19, 2020 by His Excellency Bruno Jean Richard ITOUA ENGOUSSO, Minister of Higher Education of Congo-Brazzaville.

This Cycle of Conferences is rooted in the 4th contribution of the Mandela Institute "Rethinking African Governance post-Covid-19" which outlines the foundations of a new African governance based on the principles of Africanization of Democracy:

1. Restore the values ​​of the truth of societies for the basic justice of villages and communities;

2. Social contract of the African peoples with the community territorial decentralization of values ​​and territories.

3. State and regional governance for inclusive development.

4. Continental sovereignty with democratic and representative federal institutions.

The conference cycle continues with the next meetings on:

- Rethink National Diplomacy in a Pan-African vision (to avoid counterproductive geopolitical policies and influences) in July 2021.

- Rethink the strategic configuration of African Regional Communities in August 2021

-Rethinking the African defense and security architecture in September 2021.

“We are not lacking in nature; it is our collective intelligence that we lack with an extractive economy and favoritism as a mode of governance that reproduces elites disconnected from socio-economic and geopolitical realities ”, concluded Dr. Paul Kananura, President of the 'Mandela Institute.

By Confidential Africa: you can here access the original article.

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