WAI Director General receives Prof. Dr. Tsigbé, Historian, July 15, 2019

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ACbThe Director General of the West Africa Institute (WAI), Prof. Djénéba Traoré, received on July 15, 2019 at the headquarters of the Institute, Prof. Dr. Joseph Koffi N. Tsigbé, Associate Professor (CAMES) at the Department of History of the University of Lome (Togo). 

The visit was part of a 5-day mission to Praia under the mandate of the Center for Linguistic and Historical Studies by Oral Tradition (CELHTO), a Specialized Agency of the African Union (AU) based in Niamey (Niger), with the aim of establishing an inventory of endogenous mechanisms of conflict prevention, management and resolution in Africa.

The methodology consisted of carrying out field investigations on these mechanisms in order to identify the ways and means implemented by the Cabo Verdean population to settle conflicts and preserve living together in peace.

The exchanges at WAI, which lasted one and half hour, focused on Cabo Verde's history from its independence to the present time, its characteristics and assets as an African Small Island Developing State (SIDS), as well as the challenges to rise, its vision for development, its special partnership with the European Union (EU) and its relationship with the other ECOWAS Member States. 

Answering the questions posed by Prof. Dr. Tsigbé, WAI Director General emphasized that Cabo Verde is an archipelago made up of ten islands located in the middle of the Atlantic Ocean which has a secular past marked by a constant social cohesion and a high sense of the Nation.

According to Prof. Traoré, Cabo Verde represents a rare example that proves that the use of endogenous mechanisms of conflict prevention, management and resolution is not necessary when the following universal prevention measures are implemented and observed with a rigorous pattern: a system of good governance at all levels, the rule of law, strong democratic institutions, the separation of powers, the garantee of fundamental freedoms, a fair justice system for all, the respect for human life and human dignity and last but not least, environmental protection. Since development can only take place in peace, these conditions are essential for ensuring sustainable development.

Moreover, thanks to the clear vision of its political leaders and the support of the civil society, the private sector and the vast Cabo Verdean diaspora worldwide, the archipelago which does not have (for the momen) raw materials, managed to get out of poverty, become a middle income country providing everyone with access to quality education and other basic social services.

In the opinion of the Director General of WAI, most of the conflicts arise from situations ofACBB injustice, inequality of treatment of the different social and professional strata, corruption and contestation in the electoral process. Therefore, the most effective way to achieve social cohesion and peaceful coexistence among all components of a nation is to eradicate all these evils in a definitive way. Preventing is better than healing.

At the end of his mission, Prof. Dr. Tsigbé stated that his stay in Cabo Verde allowed him to get another angle of analysis of the subject.

The Director General of WAI extends her best acknowledgements to Honorable Walter Evora, Member of the Parliament, for meeting Prof. Dr. Tsigbé on July 17, 2019, for a fruitful interview on the research theme.